Implement Web Accessibility Standards: A Step-by-Step Guide

In today’s technology landscape, fostering an inclusive online community has become more than a moral obligation — it’s a lawful prerequisite in several territories. Adopting industry standards sparks increased visibility while refining the digital encounter. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to implement these standards:


  1. Familiarize Yourself with the Guidelines:

Crucial to comprehension before beginning any project are the WCAG guidelines; they serve as the accessible website rulebook. Familiarize yourself with its four principles: Perceivable, Operable, Understandable, and Robust.


  1. Start with Design:


– Color Contrast: Provide enough difference between content and its surrounding environment for easy readability. Providing assistance, software similar to the Color Contrast Checker exists.


– Font Choices: Incorporate easily readable fonts, enabling readers to modify font sizes without compromising visual appeal or website structure.


– Avoid Text in Images: In favor of legibility, prefer actual text over image-based content wherever practical.


  1. Structure Your Content:


– Use Headings Correctly: Organize your page’s content with hierarchical headings of varying levels (<h1>, <h2>, etc.).


– Use Lists: Properly format your list by choosing the pertinent list component (i.e. ul or ol).


– Provide Alternative Text for Images: Utilize the `alt` element to concisely describe graphics. In situations where there’s nothing significant for viewers to read, turn to `alt=””`


  1. Ensure Keyboard Navigation:


– Focus Indicators: Ensure each interactive part sports a crystal-clear attention signal.


– Avoid Keyboard Traps: Keyboard navigation allows users to move around every element on the site.


  1. Make Media Accessible:


– Closed Captions: To ensure equal accessibility, videos need to have subtitles or closed captions.

– Audio Descriptions: Visual narratives gain accessibility with the aid of verbal depictions meant for those unable to view.


– Control Multimedia: Essential features include allowing users to manage pauses, halts, or sound level settings regarding multimedia.


  1. Create Accessible Forms:


– Label Elements: A necessary component for all inputs, `<label>` elements ensure clarity and intuitiveness.


– Error Handling: Offer succinct guidance when user errors arise; clarify the problem’s root cause(s) and suggested solutions.


  1. Use ARIA Roles Where Appropriate:

ARIA roles contribute significantly to improving dynamic content’s accessibility.


  1. Test with Screen Readers:

Verify web pages through well-known audio display software such as JAWS, NVDA, and VoiceOver to improve accessibility.


  1. Continuously Test and Update:


– Automated Testing: These user-friendly tools enable you to conduct aut running tests for WCAG 2.1 compliance through AXE &amp; WAVE.


– Manual Testing: Accumulate constructive input from genuine customers who rely on assistive technology.


– Stay Updated: Never stagnant, web standards and frameworks advance with innovations. Following industry developments requires frequent reviews of WCAG & related guidelines.


  1. Train Your Team:

A thorough understanding/background knowledge about them (accessibility guidelines) among all stakeholders involved with the site needs to occur before moving onward with web/content creation activities & shared responsibility of compliance needs to rest within a collaborative collective/batch of individuals.

Initially, implementing web accessibility standards may appear overwhelming; however, dedication & concentration on enhancing usability make it an essential element of the website creation & design process. Both legal requirements and altruistic impulses may be realized via continued dedication to regulatory conformity, and shouldn’t be considered separately or sequentially.


  • James Stendernst

    James Stendernst is the featured author for Freelance U. James has an extensive background in freelance work and is an expert in many services for freelance work.